Nutrition

Study Confirms Sweeteners Don’t Increase Hunger Levels and Reveals Added Health Benefits.

Sugar Sweetener Metal Spoon

A comprehensive study led by the University of Leeds found that replacing sugar with sweeteners in food does not increase hunger and helps lower blood sugar, which is beneficial for people at risk of type 2 diabetes. The study, which is part of a European consortium, confirmed that using sweeteners can reduce sugar intake without adversely affecting appetite or causing adverse health effects, providing an important tool. of diet control and prevention of obesity-related conditions.

A new study confirms that sweeteners can effectively replace sugar in food, reduce appetite and blood sugar levels without negative health effects, supporting their use in food and health systems public good.

Replacing sugar with artificial and natural sweeteners in food doesn’t make people hungry – it also helps lower blood sugar levels, an important new study has found.

A double-blind, randomized controlled trial found that eating foods with sweeteners produced similar reductions in appetite and hormone responses related to appetite as foods that did not. sugar – and they offer benefits such as lowering blood sugar, which may be especially important for people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

The use of sweeteners instead of sugar in food can be controversial due to conflicting reports about their ability to increase appetite. Previous studies have been done but did not provide conclusive evidence.

However, the researchers say that their study, which meets the gold standard of evidence in scientific research, provides very strong evidence that artificial sweeteners and sweeteners do not negatively affect appetite and they are good for reducing sugar intake.

The trial was led by the University of Leeds in collaboration with The Rhône-Alpes Research Center for Human Nutrition. It is the latest study to be published by the SWEET consortium of 29 European researchers, consumers, and industry partners working to generate and evaluate evidence of the long-term benefits and potential risks involved in switching to -sweeteners and flavor enhancers for public health and safety, obesity, and stability. It was funded by Horizon Europe.

Research Data and Public Health Implications

Lead author Catherine Gibbons, Associate Professor at the University of Leeds’ School of Psychology, said: “Reducing sugar consumption has become a key public health objective in the fight to reduce the growing burden of disease. associated with obesity such as type 2 diabetes.

“Simply restricting sugar from the diet without replacing it can negatively affect the taste or increase sweet cravings, causing problems with sticking to a low-sugar diet. Replacing sugar with sweeteners and Sweeteners in food products are one of the most widely used methods of food preparation and food preparation to reduce sugar intake and improve the nutritional status of marketed foods and beverages.

Lead researcher Graham Finlayson, Professor of Psychobiology at the University of Leeds’ School of Psychology, said: “The use of stimulants and stimulants has received a lot of negative attention, including high-profile publications linking their use. and ineffective glycemic response, toxic damage to DNA and increased risk of heart disease and stroke. These reports contribute to the current confusion about the safety of flavorings and flavor enhancers among the general public and especially those at risk of developing metabolic diseases.

“Our study provides important evidence supporting the daily use of sweeteners and sweeteners to improve weight and blood sugar control.”

Method and Participant Data

The study, which is the first of its kind, looked at the effects of eating biscuits containing sugar or two types of food sweeteners: Stevia a natural sugar substitute, or artificial Neotame in men and women 53 adults are overweight or obese.

To date, almost all studies on the effects of sweeteners and sweets on appetite and glycemia have been conducted using beverages such as vehicle. Fewer studies included overweight or obese volunteers and a few included volunteers of both sexes.

Most studies have compared only one sweetener, mainly aspartame, with a control, and very few studies have examined the effect of repeated daily intake of a popular sweetener or food enhancer. common ones.

The new trial took place at the University of Leeds and the Rhône-Alpes Research Center for Human Nutrition (CRNH-RA), France between 2021 and 2022. All participants were aged 18 to 60, with and being overweight or obese.

The trial consisted of three periods of two-week use, in which the participants ate biscuits with sugary fruit; a mixture of natural sugar Stevia, or artificial sweetener Neotame, each separated by a break of 14-21 days. Day 1 and 14 use periods occurred in the laboratory.

Participants were instructed to arrive at the laboratory after an overnight fast, a blood sample was taken to determine baseline glucose levels, insulin, and hormones related to appetite. They were also asked to rate their appetite and food preferences.

After eating the biscuits, they were asked to rate how full they were for several hours. Glucose and insulin levels were measured, as were ghrelin, glucagon-like peptide 1, and pancreatic polypeptide – hormones related to food consumption.

The results of the two types of sweeteners did not show a difference in appetite or endocrine response compared to glucose, but insulin levels measured two hours after eating were reduced, such as blood sugar levels.

Co-ordinator of the SWEET project, Professor Anne Raben, from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, said: “Research shows that sweeteners are a useful tool to reduce sugar intake without increasing it. of appetite or energy intake, thus supporting the benefit of sweeteners for appetite, energy, and weight control.”

Reference: “Acute and two-week effects of neotame, stevia rebaudioside M and sucrose-sweetened biscuits on postprandial appetite and endocrine response in overweight/obese adults – a rare crossover trial from the SWEET consortium” by Catherine Gibbons, Kristine Beaulieu, Eva. Almiron-Roig, Santiago Navas-Carretero, J. Alfredo Martínez, Beverley O’Hara, Dominic O’Connor, Julie-Anne Nazare, Alain Le Bail, Cécile Rannou, Charlotte Hardman, Moon Wilton, Louise Kjølbæk, Louise Kjølbæk, Louise Kjølbæk , Corelia Scott, Hannenik , Anne Raben, Joanne A. Harrold, Jason CG Halford and Graham Finlayson, 28 March 2024, eBioMedicine.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2024.105005


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